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2020 Global HIV Policy Report: Policy Barriers to HIV Progress

Nov 30, 2020

HIV Policy Lab Team

2020 Global HIV Policy Report: Policy Barriers to HIV ProgressThe state of the science around ending HIV has never been better, but slow translation of scientific advances into laws and policies is a major barrier to progress in the fight against HIV. Laws and policies drive who has access to the benefits of science, how people living with and affected by HIV are treated, how health systems are structured, and how officials engage with communities. This report presents the state of HIV policy in countries around the world in 2020. Drawing on data from the HIV Policy Lab, it tracks which countries have adopted 33 key HIV-related laws and policies recommended by UNAIDS and WHO and which have not. Overall it shows that policy barriers exist throughout the world that undermine access to high-quality HIV treatment and prevention and increase people’s vulnerability to HIV infection and death. Not a single country has adopted all 33 recommended policies—policy change is read more

Understanding and comparing HIV-related law and policy environments: cross-national data and accountability for the global AIDS response

Sep 5, 2020

Matthew M Kavanagh 1, 2, Ellie Graeden 3, Mara Pillinger 4, Renu Singh 4, Stephanie Eaneff 3, Victoria Bendaud 5, Rico Gustav 6, and Taavi Erkkola 5

Understanding and comparing HIV-related law and policy environments: cross-national data and accountability for the global AIDS responseLaw and policy differences help explain why, as HIV-related science has advanced swiftly, some countries have realised remarkable progress on AIDS while others see expanding epidemics. We describe the structure and findings of a new dataset and research platform, the HIV Policy Lab, which fills an important knowledge gap by measuring the HIV-related policy environment across 33 indicators and 194 countries over time, with online access and visualisation. Cross-national indicators can be critical tools in international governance-building social power to monitor state behaviour with the potential to change policy and improve domestic accountability. This new and evolving effort collects data about policy through review of legal documents, official government reports and systematic review of secondary sources. Alignment between national policy environments and global norms is demonstrated through comparison with international public health guidance and agreements. We demonstrate substantial variation in the content of law and policies between countries, regions and read more

Recent Reports

2020 Global HIV Policy Report: Policy Barriers to HIV Progress

2020-11-30

Understanding and comparing HIV-related law and policy environments: cross-national data and accountability for the global AIDS response

2020-09-05